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楼主: 乐 乐

南山红树秀才林

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发表于 2004-8-29 00:22:58 | 显示全部楼层
最初由[长发飘飘]发布


主持万万不能胜任, 摇旗呐喊还行...........

长发飘飘胜任有餘了,

當仁不讓嘛!
发表于 2004-8-29 00:34:02 | 显示全部楼层
It's too late, I gonna hit the hay......(现学现卖)....  :O

:bye:
发表于 2004-8-29 00:36:10 | 显示全部楼层
最初由[长发飘飘]发布
It's too late, I gonna hit the hay......(现学现卖)....  :O

:bye:

hay      

釋義

n. ( 名詞 noun )
【物】 乾草,乾飼草 make hay 曬乾草(cf. 片語)
Make hay while the sun shines. 【諺】 太陽好,要曬草;抓住時機.



【物】 (供曬飼草用的)青草
【物】 【美‧俚】 大麻
(工作、努力的)成果,酬報
【物】 【美‧口】 小額款項 That ain't hay. 那可不是筆小數目.



【物】 【口】 (特指與性有關的)床 I'll get her in the hay. 我要跟她上床.



【事】 圓圈舞 ( 一種轉圈跳的鄉村舞 )
【物】 【古】 籬笆,樹籬

vt., vi. ( 動詞 verb )
(使)製成乾草;在(土地上)植草 ( 以製作乾飼草 )  

:bye:
发表于 2004-8-29 22:21:04 | 显示全部楼层

容易混淆的字

容易混淆的字

這一回要說到我們容易搞混的英文字
 
1.        What is its color? It's green. It's been a long, long time.
        這些字之所以未依英文字母順序排列而最先端上桌,是因為它們是英文中最常搞混的字。
it's 是 it is 或 it has,而 its 是 it 的所有格。
2.        With her speaking skills, she has the ability to fill the auditorium to its capacity.
        ability:能力,才幹 (physical, mental, or legal power to perform. competence)。capacity :容量 (limit)。
3.        The minister adjured his wayward congregation to abjure the sins of the flesh.
        adjure:敦促或力勸 (to urge or advice earnestly)。abjure:發誓放棄 (to renounce under oath)。
4.        I would accept your excuse, except the part about losing the watch.
        accept:接受 (to receive willingly)。except:除...之外 (with the exclusion of)。
5.        The number of students who wanted access to the computer labs was in excess of two  hundred.
        access:使用或進入的權利 (right to use or enter)。excess:過多,超額 (too many, more than needed)。
6.        The government would often adopt policies that required people to adapt to a harsh  regime.
        adopt:採取,採用 (to accept or take in as one's own)。adapt:使適應,使適合 (to make or become suitable for a new use)。
7.        The trouble with many adolescents is that they never seem to grow out of adolescence.
        adolescent:青春期的青年男女 (individuals going through adolescence)。adolescence:青春期 (the period of growth and maturation before adulthood)。
8.        I need your advice. Please advise me on this.
        advice:意見,勸告 (recommendation regarding a decision)。advise:建議,商量 (to give advice to, to counsel)。
9.        The teacher's aide more than once came to the aid of her supervisor.
        aide:助理,助手 (someone who assists or supports)。aid:幫助,援助 (assistance)。
[AIDS 是 Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (後天免疫不足症候群,即愛滋病) 的頭字語 (acronym),拼字都是大寫。]
10.        She was confused, displaying ambivalent feelings about the ambiguous situation they'd  gotten into.
        ambivalent:雙重性格,情緒矛盾:對同一事物同時具有兩種對立的感情或態度的精神狀態 ,如又愛又恨 (showing mixed or confused feelings)。ambiguous:曖昧的,不明確的,不確定的,有兩種以上意思的 (doubtful, uncertain, having two or more meanings)。
11.        Sometimes it seems more shocking to be amoral than to be immoral .
        amoral:與道德無關的,沒有道德觀念的 (without morals or standards of behavior)。immoral:不道德的,邪惡的 (disposed to act contrary to accepted morals)。
12.        After we have the jeweler appraise the diamond, we will apprise you of its value.
        appraise:鑑定,估價 (to set a value on something)。apprise:通知,告知 (to notify or inform)。
13.        as -- 參見 like。
14.        When they got the assent of the weather bureau, they allowed the enormous balloon to  begin its ascent.
        assent:同意,贊成 (agreement, act of agreeing)。ascent:晉升,上升,攀登 (act of rising or climbing )。[注意:accent (重音) 這個字沒有 "s"。]
15.        aural -- 參見 oral。
16.        awake -- 參見 wake。
17.        I am averse to traveling in such adverse weather conditions.
        averse:嫌惡的 (having an active feeling of repugnance or distaste) -- 與 to 連用,後接名詞或動名詞。adverse:不利的,敵對的 (unfavorable, hostile)。
18.        afflict -- 參見 inflict .
19.        We need a lot (兩個字!) of money. She will allot funds according to need.
        a lot:很多 (a considerable quantity or extent)。allot:分配 (to assign as a share or portion)。
20.        Are you all ready already, or do we have to wait for you?
        all ready:完全準備好 (entirely ready, prepared) -- 形容詞片語。already:已經 (by this time) -- 在一指定或暗示的過去、現在或未來時間之前的時間 (priviously, so soon)。
21.        She would often allude to her childhood, when she would elude her brothers in a game of  hide-and-seek.
        allude:(間接地) 提及 (to make indirect reference. refer) -- 與 to 連用。elude:逃避,躲避 (to evade, avoid)。
22.        allusion -- 參見 illusion (No.136)。
23.        In mock debates, we used to alternate sides, taking alternative positions.
        alternate:輪流,交替 (to perform by turns or in succession)。alternative:二者任擇其一的,選擇的 (offering or expressing a choice)。
24.        Government agencies tried to alleviate the effects of the depression. They attempted to  ameliorate the job-seeking process.
        alleviate:緩和,減輕 (to make less severe)。ameliorate:改良,變好 (to make or become better)。
25.        With amiable people like the Durwitzes, it's not unusual to have an amicable divorce.
        amiable:(個性、性情)和藹可親的,親切的,友善的 (friendly)。amicable:(契約關係上) 友善的 (characterizing contractual relationship with good will, cordiality )。
26.        among -- 參見 between (No.39)。
27.        The amount of money you make in a year depends on the number of deals you close.
        amount:總數,總額 (measure of something in the aggregate, bulk)。number:數目 (measure of something countable)。
28.        I am annoyed that my bad back seems to be aggravated by tension.
        annoy:煩擾,騷擾,使苦惱 (to irritate, harrass, especially by repeated acts)。aggravate:加重,使 (原已不好的事情變得) 更壞 (to make worse, more serious, or more severe)。
29.        It's difficult to anticipate [預作準備] things that one doesn't expect.
        anticipate:預期,預想,預作準備,預先考慮 (to give advance thought, discussion, or treatment to)。expect:預期,預料,期待,期望 (to look forward to)。
30.        Juan is apt to do something silly, something that will likely get him in trouble, or even  something that he may be liable for in a court of law.
        apt:易於,傾向於 (having a tendency)。likely:有可能的 (having a high probability of occurring or being true)。liable:可能的,易於,應負責的 (obligated according to law or equity. responsible)。
31.        She wanted a good lawyer, so I told her about my attorney.
        lawyer:律師,法律顧問 (one trained to conduct lawsuits for clients or advise as to legal rights and obligations)。attorney:律師,法定代理人 (one who has been paid a retainer to conduct lawsuits or advise as to legal rights and obligations)。
32.        I'll be back in a while. Can you wait awhile?
        a while:不久,即刻 (a short period of time)。awhile:暫時,片刻 (for a while)。[ awhile (一個字) 是副詞,修飾動詞。]
33.        He told a funny anecdote about mixing up his soda with the snake-bite antidote.
        anecdote:短而有趣的故事,軼事 (a short amusing or interesting story about a real person or event)。antidote:解毒劑 (a substance that counteracts the effects of a poison)。
34.        The eager audience awaited the anxious, sweating performer.
        eager:渴望的,焦急的 (marked by enthusiastic or impatient desire or interest)。anxious:渴望的,不安的,憂慮的,掛念的 (characterized by extreme uneasiness of mind or brooding fear)。
35.        She felt bad about his behaving badly at the conference.
        bad:不悅的,討厭的 (unpleasant) -- 形容詞。badly:不良地,惡劣地 (unpleasantly, offensively) -- 副詞。[連綴動詞後面使用形容詞。]
36.        The man who sings bass in the choir once played third base for the New York Yankees  and is also an expert bass fisherman.
        bass:低音 (deep sounding voice, usually male)。base:(棒球) 壘 (one of the corners of a baseball diamond)。第二個 bass 為一種大鱸魚。
37.        She was afraid of him after seeing his bizarre behavior at the county's annual bazaar.
        bizarre:奇怪的,怪異的 (strange, strikingly odd)。bazaar:市場,義賣 (series of stalls, as in a carnival)。
38.        Besides my unphotogenic aunt and uncle, there were fourteen other people standing  beside the train station.
        besides:除...之外 (in addition to)。beside:在...之旁 (next to)。在此均做介系詞用。
39.        He has divided the money between Carlos and his daughter. He has divided the rest of  his property among his three brothers.
        between:事涉兩項時所用的介系詞 (preposition used when two items are in question)。among:事涉兩項以上時所用的介系詞 (preposition used when more than two items are in question)。[這樣的分別對某些人來說可能還不過。請參考字典吧!]
40.        The economy seemed to slide backwards thanks to the backward government policies.
        backwards:向後地,落後地 (characterized by movement in reverse)。backward:向後的,落後的 (less than progressive)。["backward" 可以當副詞或形容詞用;"backwards" 只能當副詞用。]
41.        避免使用  biennial (或 bimonthly/biweekly) 和 biannual 等字,而應說 "something happens twice a year/month/week or every other year/month/week."
        biennial:兩年一次的;歷經兩年的 (occuring once every two years or lasting two years)。biannual:每年兩次的;每隔一年的 -- 即每兩年的,等於 biennial -- (occuring twice each year or every other year)。
42.        blatant -- 參見 flagrant。
43.        I was so bored at the Board of Trustees meeting that I fell asleep.
        bored:無聊,厭煩 (to make a person uninterested by being dull or to become uninterested)。board:委員會 (a committee)。
44.        She brought with her all the Christmas gifts she had recently bought.
        brought:帶來 -- bring 的過去式。bought:購買 (purchased) -- buy 的過去式。
45.        He will break the car brake if he keeps pushing on it like that.
        break:破壞 (destroy)。brake:煞車 (device for stopping or slowing down something)。
46.        Every breath counts, so breathe deeply now.
        breath:呼吸,氣息 (air inhaled and exhaled in breathing)。breathe:呼吸 (to draw air into and expel it from the lungs)。
47.        The entire bridal party took a long and pleasant walk along the bridle path.
        bridal:新娘的,婚禮的 (pertaining to a wedding)。bridle:馬韁 (pertaining to horses, the gear to guide a horse)。bridle path 為供人騎馬的小路,亦寫成 bridle road 或 bridle way。
48.        bring -- 參見 take。
49.        有些人會將 Calvary (耶穌基督被釘十字架的所在地「髑髏地」) 與  cavalry (騎兵 -- 古代騎馬,現在則乘坐直昇機) 這個字搞混。
50.        You may begin this exercise whenever you can get around to it.
        may:可以 (have permission to)。can:能夠 (have the ability to)。[在否定結構中,can 這個字可被用來表示允許:You cannot go to the movies today.]
51.        You cannot blame him for screaming, "Damn it, Bob! You can not do that anymore!"
        cannot:不能 (not able) -- 普通的拼法。can not 是在加強語氣 -- 強調否定。
52.        We wore canvas shoes while we tried to canvass the entire neighborhood.
        canvas:帆布 (coarse, heavy cloth, usually white)。canvass:徹底的檢討,細究,向(人)拉票 (to survey, often for political sentiments)。
53.        capacity -- 參見 ability。
54.        We went over to the capitol to see the legislators. The capital of Connecticut is Hartford.  The state is running out of capital.
        capitol:美國州議會議場;Capitol (大寫):美國國會山莊。前面的 capital:首都,首府;後面的 capital:資金 (funds)。  
55.        If a bride wants a diamond that weighs a carat, it will cost more than a carrot or a caret.
        carat:克拉 (鑽石重量單位),開 (表示含純金的量)。carrot:胡蘿蔔。caret:漏字符號 (an editorial mark that means to insert something)。
56.        The Board of Education has censured the high-school principal because he tried to  censor the student newspaper.
        censured:申誡 (condemned, officially reprimanded )。censor:檢查,電檢 (to delete objectionable material; judge)。
57.        The Pilgrims acted with certitude on matters of faith; others required more certainty.
        certitude:確信,篤信 --含有堅信不移的意思 -- (lack of doubt, implying faith )。certainty:確信,確定 -- 含有須要客觀證明的意思 -- (lack of doubt, implying objective proof)。
58.        Some people thought he was sweet and childlike in his innocence, but I always thought  he was boorish and childish.
        childlike:天真無邪的,純潔的,坦率的 -- 指正面的美德 (having the good qualities of being a child)。childish:幼稚的,愚蠢的 -- 指負面的思想和行為 (marked by behavior inappropriate for an adult)。   
59.        I chose the red balloon. Now you choose a balloon of another color.
        chose:choose 的過去式。choose:選擇 (select)。
60.        The climactic moment of a lightning storm, nature's most dramatic climatic event, is a  deafening roll of thunder.
        climactic:高潮的,頂點的,極點的 (of, relating to, or constituting a climax)。climatic:氣候的 (related to weather phenomena)。
61.        His clothes were made of cloths of many different colors.
        clothes:衣服 (apparel, garments)。cloth:布 (fabric)。
62.        We used a coarse sandpaper, of course.
        coarse:粗糙的 (rough)。course:過程,方針 (following the ordinary way or procedure)。
63.        She complimented her sister on the way her scarf complemented her blouse.
        compliment:恭維,讚美 (to praise)。complement:補充,補足 (to fill up, match, make something else perfect)。
64.        The United States of America comprises 50 states. The system is constituted of twelve separate  campuses.
        comprise:包括,包含 (to include especially within a particular scope)。constituted of:組成,構成 (made up of)。註:上面前一句「可能」也可寫成 "Fifty states comprise the United States of America." 或 "The United States of America is comprised of 50 states."。這兩句中的 comprise 都是「組成,構成」的意思,但這種用法遭到許多人的批評,所以如果你這麼用,他們可能認為你用錯了字;然而,這兩種用法越來越常見,就連正式的寫作與演說亦屢見不鮮。
65.        She was confident that her confidant had given her good information.
        confident:確信的,相信的 (assured, trustful)。confidant:知己,心腹 (someone whom one trusts)。
66.        Confounded by the instructor's ambiguous instructions, the students' problems were  compounded by a lack of time to do the exam.
        confound:混淆,分不清 (to perplex, frustrate)。compound:增加 (to increase)。
67.        The word guts denotes one's viscera, one's intestines, but it also connotes determination,  fortitude, persistence, and courage.
        denote:(實質的 )意思為 (to mean objectively, as a dictionary definition)。connote:暗示,含意為 (to suggest, as emotional overtones of a word)。
68.        There was a terrible dinning noise coming from the dining room.
        dinning:喧嘩,吵雜 (making an annoying, loud sound) -- 原形為 din。dining:吃飯,用餐 (eating) -- dining room 為飯廳。
69.        Since no one offered any dissent, we waited a decent interval and then began our descent  to the lower floors.
        dissent:反對,不同意 (objection)。decent:可敬的,適當的 (respectable, appropriate)。descent:下降,降落 (downward movement)。
70.        She didn't seem conscious of the fact that her husband has no conscience.
        conscious:覺得的,有知覺的,理解的 (perceiving, apprehending, or noticing -- personally felt)。conscience:良心 (sense of the moral goodness or blameworthiness of your own conduct)。
71.        Her family grew contemptuous of her contemptible behavior.
        contemptuous:表示輕蔑的,藐視的 (exhibiting contempt, scorn)。contemptible:可鄙的,可輕視的 (worthy of contempt and scorn)。
72.        These continual changes in our weather seem to be related to our continuous emissions  of carbon-monoxide into the atmosphere.
        continual:經常不斷的,連續的 -- 中間有短暫的間歇 -- (continuing for a long time with only short breaks)。continuous:不斷的,連續的 -- 中間無間歇 -- (continuing indefinitely in time without interruption)。
73.        My mother will convince him that she is right. She will persuade him to keep working.
        convince:使相信 [to bring (as by argument) to belief, consent]。persuade:說服 (to urge someone into a course of action)。
74.        She decided to seek the counsel [advice] of the Dorm Council.
        counsel:忠告,意見;顧問,律師 。council:會議,議會 (如台北市議會 Taipei City Council),顧問委員會。council 永遠做名詞用,而 counsel 可做名詞或動詞用。
75.        It didn't seem credible that such a creditable person would say such a horrible thing.
        credible:可信的 (believable)。creditable:值得稱讚的,值得信賴的,可靠的 (trustworthy)。
76.        At first there was only one criterion for becoming Chairperson, but then, suddenly, the  Party imposed several other criteria.
        criterion 和 criteria 都是標準,規定 (requirement)的意思;後者是前者的複數。
77.        My favorite show, Seinfeld, is currently doing re-runs; the new episodes will begin  presently.
        currently:目前,眼前 (occuring in or existing at the present time)。presently:不久 (before long: without undue delay)。[presently 這個字過去的意思是「現在」(now),但現今它大多被用來表示「不久」(soon) 的意思。]
78.        I kept a weekly diary during those years that I worked on the dairy farm.
        diary:日記。dairy:牛奶或乳品工廠,酪農場 (place where milk or milk products are produced or sold)。
79.        If you wish to seem demure, you will have to demur less vociferously.
        demure:嚴肅的,端莊的 (modest or reserved)。demur:提出異議,反對 (to object)。例句中的 demur 當不及物動詞用,它也可當名詞用,如 without demur (無異議)。
80.        denote -- 參見 connote。
81.        Any cool dessert would taste great out here in the sandy desert.
        dessert:餐後水果、冰淇淋及其他甜點心。desert:沙漠,不毛之地。
82.        The prisoner tried to devise a clever device to help him escape.
        devise:計畫,發明 (to plan, to invent)。device:裝置 (anything planned or invented for particular purpose)。
83.        She thought her dog would die after it drank that bowl of blue dye.
        die:死亡。dye:顏料,染料,色彩。
84.        He went from a dilemma to a quandary.
        dillemma:進退維谷,左右兩難,困難的選擇 (having a tough choice between two things)。quandary:困境,窘境,困難的選擇 (having a tough choice between many things)。請注意:這兩個字的中文意思雖相同,但英文意思不盡相同。
85.        They kept their love affair discreet by living discrete lives.
        discreet:謹言慎行的,深思熟慮的 (capable of preserving prudent silence)。discrete:不連續的,各自的 (noncontinuous: individually distinct)。
86.        You will want a disinterested judge. An uninterested judge, however, is a liability.
        disinterested:公正的,無私的,不偏不倚的 (free from selfish motive or interest: unbiased: impartial)。uninterested:沒興趣的,冷淡的 (not interested)。
87.        When asked to disassemble his old jalopy, Charles agreed, seeming to dissemble.
        disassemble:拆開,分解 (to take apart)。dissemble:隱藏,掩飾 (感情等) (to hide one's true feelings)。
88.        dissent -- 參見 decent (No.69)。
89.        eager -- 參見 anxious (No.34)。
90.        What effect does this have on you? How does it affect you?
        effect:效果,效應,影響 (result; consequence)。affect:影響,假裝 (to influence or to feign, to fake)。
91.        It was part of the government's economic strategy to direct the military to purchase the  most economical material available.
        economic:經濟的,經濟學的 (having to do with economics)。economical:節省的,節儉的 (thrifty, avoiding waste)。
92.        當碰到拉丁字或片語的縮寫 (e.g., etc., et al., i.e., sic.) 時,聰明的寫作者都盡量少用或完全不用 (i.e. 現僅用於論文和參考書中)。e.g. 意為 for example (例如),使用英語片語 for example 通常比較好;i.e. 意為 that is (即;就是)。由於這兩個縮寫幾乎都是當做引導用的修飾語,它們的後面通常接逗點。此外,它們都不可以斜體或加底線 。
93.        We should elect a president before he or she selects members of the cabinet.
        elect:選舉,選擇 (to choose, usually by voting)。select:選擇,挑選 (to choose)。
94.        How did the politicians plan to elicit these obviously illicit campaign funds without   getting caught?
        elicit:抽出,移出 (to draw out)。illicit:不法的 (unlawful, illegal)。
95.        elude -- 參見 allude。(No.21)
96.        emigrate -- 參見 immigrate。
97.        They were afraid that this eminent figure in world politics was in imminent danger of  being killed.
        eminent:聞名的,傑出的,顯著的 (famous, distinguished, outstanding)。imminent:即將來臨的,逼近的 (likely to occur at any moment)。
98.        She normally had great empathy for people she read about, but she had no sympathy for  these boat people.
        empathy:感同身受 。sympathy:同情,憐憫。
99.        The enormousness of his task seemed overwhelming, and then he found he must slay a  dragon known for the enormity of his evildoings.
        enormousness:巨大,極大 (huge size, grand scale)。enormity:極惡,暴行 (monstrousness)。
100.        He wanted to carve an epigram that he had seen used as an epigraph for his grandfather's  epitaph.
        epigram:雋語,警句 (witty and terse saying)。epigraph:題詞,題銘 (saying printed above a poem or above the entrance to a building)。epitaph:墓誌銘 (a saying carved on a tombstone)。
101.        We would like to ensure good weather for our company picnic, but our insurance  company won't insure good weather with an inexpensive policy.
        ensure:確定,確保,使安全 (to make sure, certain, or safe)。insure:保險,投保 (to provide or obtain insurance on or for)。
102.        One sister liked bugs and studied entomology; the other liked words and went into  etymology.
        entomology:昆蟲學 (study of insects)。etymology:語源學 (study of words, word origins, etc.)。
103.        He especially likes coffee ice-cream. Every week, his wife buys some specially for him
        especially:尤其,特別地   -- 強調「超過其他全部」的觀念 -- (particularly, more than other things)。specially:特地,專門地 (for a specific reason)。
104.        We use our everyday dishes every day.
        everyday:日常的,平日的 (commonly used)。every day:每天 (happening on a daily basis)。every 和 day 兩字合寫是形容詞,分寫則是形容詞 every 修飾名詞 day。
105.        The choirboys exulted when they discovered they were to sing before such an exalted   audience.
        exult:狂喜,「樂透了」(to rejoice greatly)。exalted:高貴的,高尚的 (adj. highly praised, highly praiseworthy) -- 若當動詞,則為擢升,提高,讚揚之意。
106.        expect -- 參見 anticipate。(No.29)
107.        The general found it expedient to blame his lieutenants for the expeditious progress of  the enemy.
        expedient:權宜的,方便的,有利的 (但不一定正當、合法) (convenient, advantageous rather than right)。expeditious:迅速的,敏捷的 (done speedily and efficiently)。
108.        The document now makes explicit what had been only implicit in the shifty eyes of the  negotiator.
        explicit:明確的,不含糊的 (fully revealed or expressed without vagueness, implication, or ambiguity )。implicit:隱含的,含蓄的 (capable of being understood from something else though unexpressed)。
109.        To what extent have they searched for the extant manuscripts of the Gettysburg Address?
        extent:程度,範圍 (scope, range, limit)。extant:現存的 (still existing)。
110.        An extemporaneous speech is not the same thing as an impromptu speech.
        extemporaneous:即席的,即興的 (carefully prepared but delivered without notes or text)。impromptu:即席的,即興的 (delivered without any preparation)。注意:extemporaneous (speech) 是指事先經過周詳的準備,而在發表演說時沒有看稿或看提示紙條的演說;一般字典 (包括數本著名的英英字典) 都將它視為與 impromptu 同義,係事先沒有準備而臨時發表的即席演說,這是不對的。
111.        Nothing seemed to faze her as she went through the adolescent phase of her life.
        faze:困擾。phase:階段,時期。
112.        當我們說 "A man is literally an idiot.",意思未必是指他的智商低,我們可能是誇大其詞,說他「簡直就是」或「幾乎就是」白癡 -- he is "virtually" an idiot. 至於 figuratively 則是比喻,暗喻的意思 -- We speak figuratively, calling him a pumpkin-head.
113.        He showed a flagrant disregard for public morals in his blatant errors of mismanagement.
        flagrant:惡名昭彰的,窮兇惡極的 (evil and willful flouting of law or morality)。blatant:極明顯的,令人厭惡的 (glaringly obvious, loudly obnoxious)。
114.        flammable -- 參見 inflammable (No.146)。
115.        The football players seemed to flout the referees and continued to brazenly flaunt their  silly, arrogant routine every time they scored.
        flout:公然地違抗,藐視 (to disobey openly and scornfully)。flaunt:(厚顏地) 炫耀,誇示 (to display proudly or ostentatiously)。
116.        The horse-owners began to flounder about in the stands when they saw their horse  founder right at the starting gate.
        flounder:著急地來回踱步 (to thrash about wildly)。founder:跌跛 (to go lame and collapse)。 [注意:flounder 的另一意思是比目魚,而 founder 的另一意思是創立者。例如,我們可以說 "That person has founded something." (found 這個字不要跟 find 的過去式搞混了:"She found the flashlight.")] 順便一提的是,see, hear, watch 等感官動詞後面要接原形動詞 (本例為 founder),不可接不定詞 (to founder);若動作是在持續進行中,則這個受詞補語可以用現在分詞 (foundering)。
117.        She had a foreboding that she was about to meet up with her forbidding father.
        foreboding:預感 (feeling that something will happen)。forbidding:嚴厲的,不友善的 (stern, unfriendly)。
118.        It was a foregone conclusion that the team would forgo all post-season tournaments.
        foregone:預知的 (result that can be easily predicted)。forgo:放棄,拋棄 (to give up, go without)。"foregone conclusion" 為一常見的片語意為預知的結果,必然的結果;foregone 的重音在第一音節。
119.        The missionaries founded a church in an area they found congenial to their beliefs.
        founded:建立,創立 (established)。found:發現 (to discover;find 的過去式)。
120.        I can run farther than you, but let's discuss that further after the race.
        farther:更遠地,較遠地 (at or to a greater distance or more advanced point)。further:另外地,更進一步地 (additional, more deeply -- 沒有距離長短的意思 )。
121.        She has fewer complaints, but she has less energy.
        fewer:few 的比較級 (可數)。less:較少的 (不可數)。
122.        Formerly, we met formally to discuss these matters.
        formerly:先前,從前 (at an earlier time, previously)。formally:正式地,合乎形式地,有規則地 (following or according with established form, custom, or rule)。
123.        The soldiers of the fourth regiment bravely went forth.
        fourth:第四。forth:向前,往前 (onward in time, place, or order -- forward)。
124.        The prosecutor began to gibe the witness when the details of his story did not jibe with  his previous testimony.
        gibe:揶揄,嘲笑,諷罵 (to taunt)。jibe:符合 (correspond to)。注意:"jive" (爵士樂歌手及爵士樂愛好者的術語) 並非 "jibe" 的同義字。
125.        The guerilla soldiers eventually got used to living among the gorillas in the jungle.
        guerilla:游擊隊。gorilla:非洲大猩猩。
126.        She's a good swimmer; she swims well. Aren't you feeling well?
        good:美好的,優良的 (形容詞)。well:很好 (副詞)。
发表于 2004-8-30 09:08:12 | 显示全部楼层
VIC同志的积极性应该给于鼓励, 可是把全年的课放在一个晚上, 太多了, 吃不了, 撑着了...... :rolleyes:
发表于 2004-8-30 09:17:14 | 显示全部楼层

还是那句老话--打包

最初由[长发飘飘]发布
VIC同志的积极性应该给于鼓励, 可是把全年的课放在一个晚上, 太多了, 吃不了, 撑着了...... :rolleyes:
吃不了兜着走 :cool:
发表于 2004-8-30 09:41:51 | 显示全部楼层

回复:还是那句老话--打包

最初由[lilili]发布
还是那句老话--打包


吃不了兜着走 :cool:

自助餐, 不准打包!
发表于 2004-8-30 11:36:02 | 显示全部楼层

回复:回复:还是那句老话--打包

最初由[长发飘飘]发布
回复:还是那句老话--打包



自助餐, 不准打包!
知道还拿那么多放盘子里,浪费.
发表于 2004-8-30 11:45:08 | 显示全部楼层
最初由[长发飘飘]发布
VIC同志的积极性应该给于鼓励, 可是把全年的课放在一个晚上, 太多了, 吃不了, 撑着了...... :rolleyes:

受到长发飘飘姑娘的鼓励,VIC當然要硬著頭皮,全力以赴,一氣呵成,做到不眠不休,也是值得,好好撑着眼,共同努力啊!
发表于 2004-8-30 19:41:25 | 显示全部楼层

俚語與口語

英文常見俚語與口語

(1) to think on one's feet :
意思是思想敏捷,反應快,能應付許多情況(to be alert; to think quickly; to have the ability of handling many situations or to be good at answering questions)
例如:
My teacher has taught me to think on my feet.
(老師教我應付各種情況。)
Many parents will teach their children how to think on their feet.
(許多父母教他們的孩子如何應變靈活。)
The leader of any nation has to be able to think on his/ her feet.
(任何一個國家的領袖都應該有能力應付各種情況。)
A good basketball player has to be able to think on his/ her feet.
(好的籃球隊員必須要反應快。)
(2) to make (both) ends meet :
意思是勉強維持生活或是使收支相抵(to live within one's means; barely enough to make a living)
(這裡的both ends 是指expense和income,一般人常把both省去)
例如:
Can you make (both) ends meet after retirement?
(你退休後能維持生計嗎?)
With too much overhead, some business persons can not make ends meet.
(因為太多的固定開支,一些生意人很難收支相抵。)
Mr. Wang is having trouble making ends meet because of a low-paid job.
(由於工資微薄,王先生勉強維持生計。)
(3) to feather one's nest :
意思是保護自己的利益,也就是營私自肥,裝滿自己的腰包,照顧自己。(to take care of one's own interest)
(這裡的feather,當動詞用,意思是用羽毛覆蓋;nest是鳥巢)
例如:
The CEO was accused of feathering his own nest rather than working toward the benefits of the company.
(執行長被控只顧自肥,而忽視公司利益。)
(rather than=instead of)
Many rich Chinese tend to feather their own nests in-stead of contributing to charity.
(許多中國的富翁,似乎營私自肥,而不願為慈善公益奉獻。)
(在nest前加own,只是加強語氣)
Before they retired ,the couple feathered their nests very well.
(他們夫婦退休前,存了一筆錢照顧自己。)
Mr. B has been feathering his nest during his teaching career.
(B先生在從事教育過程中,存了錢照顧自己。)
(4) to put one's life on the line :
意思是冒著生命或事業上的危險(to risk one's life or career)
例如:
Mr. Chen's job has put his life on the line.
(陳先生的工作是有危險性的。)
Police officers and firefighters put their lives on the line whenever they walk out the door.
(警察和消防隊員,只要出門,隨時都有生命的危險。)
(現在為了political correctness,多用firefighter,而不用fireman)
也可以用to lay it on the line :
意思也是冒(名譽、前途、生命等)的風險。例如:
We respect our soldiers because they are laying it on the line for our security.
(我們敬重士兵,因為他們為我們的安全而冒生命危險。)
(句中的it,可指單複數。their lives也就是each individual life;雖然單數的it與複雜的lives不一致,但是因為是俚語,故不能改變)
(5) to eat one's heart out :
意思是渴求或憂慮而變得憔悴或憂傷,多半由妒忌而引起。(to suffer unhappiness mostly from jealousy)
例如:
Mr. Lee ate his heart out after learning of her new boyfriend.
(李先生知道她有新男友後,十分難過。)
After her husband's death, she ate her heart out.
(她丈夫死後,她悲傷得很。)
At hearing his father's will, leaving him nothing, Mr. Chen ate his heart out.
(陳先生聽到他老爸沒有留給他任何東西的遺囑後,非常難過。)
Mrs. Wang eats her heart out when she sees her friend's new car.
(當王太太看到她朋友的新車時,她很妒忌、難受。)
(6) to kick up one's heels :
照字義是踢起鞋子的後跟。也就是表示玩得很高興或慶祝得很開心。(to celebrate or to have a good time)
例如:
The couple got a chance to kick up their heels.
(這對夫婦趁此機會,盡情享樂。)
I am sure she will kick up her heels at the party tonight.
(我相信她今晚在宴會裡會玩得很愉快。)
Mr. and Mrs. Wang are kicking up their heels during the entire event.
(王先生夫婦在整個活動的過程中,都玩得很開心。)

(7)to put one's shoulder
to the wheel:
這是指工作十分努力,全力以赴,發揮幹勁(to work very hard or to do one's best)。
例如:
Let's put our shoulders to the wheel and finish up the job today.
(讓我們加倍努力,今天完成工作。)
If you all put your shoulders to the wheel, you will get over the difficulty.
(假如你們全力以赴,就能克服困難。)
(這句口語中的shoulder本是單數,但這裡是指one shoulder of each person,所以可以用複數,不過,wheel通常只用單數)
Ever since he worked in this company, he has been putting his shoulder to the wheel.
(自從他進入公司後,他一直都是勤奮工作。)
(8)to be a snake
in the grass:
意思是背後搞鬼的人,也就是不能受到別人信任的人。(someone can not be trusted)
例如:
I have to be very careful because Mr. A is a snake in the grass.
(我要小心,因為A先生很不可靠。)
Being a snake in the grass, Mr. Chen has drifted apart from his friends.
(陳先生是個暗箭傷人的人,所以他的朋友疏遠他。)
In dealing with people, I will never be (或become)a snake in the grass.
(與人相處,我絕不會在別人背後搞鬼。)
(9)to have(或keep)one's feet planted on the ground:
意思是腳踏實地,注重實際。(to be very practical)
例如:
When it comes to spending money, Mr. wang seems to have his feet firmly planted on the ground.
(一旦談到花錢,王先生是很實際的。)
(句中的firmly只是加強語氣)
(In order) to keep good terms with the U.S., China has its feet (firmly) planted on the ground concerning foreign poli-cy.
(為了與美國和諧相處,中國在外交政策上,也很實際。)
(in order to加動詞原式,放在句首時,有時也可省去in order)
(to keep good(bad)terms with someone意思是與某人相處得很好或不好)
(10)to build a nest egg:
nest egg的原意是留窩蛋,就是把真蛋或假蛋放在窩中,以引誘母雞把蛋生在窩中。也就是為將來的需要而累積或儲備金錢。(to save money for rainy day or to set aside money for future use)
例如:
Young people should start building a nest egg.
(年輕人應該開始存錢,以備不時之需。)… …
Instead of building a nest egg, many Chinese parents give all their money to their children.
(許多中國父母,沒有為自己存錢,而把全部錢都給自己的兒女。)
You may have a hard time in the future if you do not build a nest egg now.
(你現在如果不存錢,將來日子可能不好過。)
單獨使用nest egg,多半也指年老者的存款:
The old couple finally used their nest egg by taking a trip to Taiwan.
(這對老夫婦最後用了他們的存款做旅台之行。)
(11)to beat(或bang)one's head against a (brick) wall:
本意是以頭碰牆。試圖幹不能成功的事,也就是枉費心機、白費力氣或徒勞無功。(continue to fight or try to achieve something, but in vain)
例如:
If you try to change Mr. Chen's policy, you will be beat-ing your head against a (brick) wall.
(假如你想改變陳先生的計畫,你是枉費心機,徒勞無功)
(如加brick,是強調磚牆,碰了會受傷,也有人省去brick)
China feels Taiwan has been beating its head against a (brick) wall about entering the U.N.
(中國認為台灣想進聯合國是白費力氣的。)
但是to run into a brick wall意思是遇到阻擋、障礙、挫折或死路一條。(come to an obstacle or a dead-end)
例如:
They ran into a brick wall when the school board re-fused to hear their appeal.
(學校董事會拒絕他們的訴求時,他們又遇到一次挫折。)
Do you think Mr. Chang may run into a brick wall if he asks for a promotion?
(你認為張先生要求升級,會碰到障礙嗎?)
(這裡brick,倒不能省去)
(12)to stew in one's
own juice:
意思是自己的行為所產生的後果,要自己去承受負責。也就是自作自受。(to bear responsibility or con-sequence for one's action)
例如:
Let him stew in his own juice!
(讓他自作自受吧!)(也就是:We'll not help him.)
If he gets caught for his deception, he will have to stew in his own juice.
(假如他的騙局被發現,他自己就要負責後果。)
No one can help her out because she only stews in her own juice.
(沒有人能幫她,因為她自己要承受後果。)
Mr. Wang has stewed in his own juice for what he has been doing.
(王先生所做所為,自己承受了責任。)
发表于 2004-8-31 00:10:17 | 显示全部楼层
:rolleyes:
   i  can"t  stand  that. there  is  too  much.Vicchu  must  be  a
teacher  in  somewhere.right?
发表于 2004-8-31 00:19:18 | 显示全部楼层
最初由[红 树 林]发布
:rolleyes:
   i  can"t  stand  that. there  is  too  much.Vicchu  must  be  a
teacher  in  somewhere.right?

给你找了个好老师, 还抱怨?  
发表于 2004-8-31 02:16:24 | 显示全部楼层
最初由[红 树 林]发布
:rolleyes:
   i  can"t  stand  that. there  is  too  much.Vicchu  must  be  a
teacher  in  somewhere.right?
不急,慢慢学.
发表于 2004-8-31 06:15:08 | 显示全部楼层
最初由[红 树 林]发布
:rolleyes:
   i  can"t  stand  that. there  is  too  much.Vicchu  must  be  a
teacher  in  somewhere.right?

若嫌太多,VicChu暫且停下來好了,早就說過我不宜執教鞭的了,如今,恭請长发飘飘老師接任。 :smile:   :clap:
发表于 2004-8-31 08:13:24 | 显示全部楼层
最初由[VicChu]发布


若嫌太多,VicChu暫且停下來好了,早就說過我不宜執教鞭的了,如今,恭請长发飘飘老師接任。 :smile:   :clap:

呵呵, 唯一的学生都给吓跑了, 学校关门大吉.
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